After the fall of the Roman Empire in the Fifth Century C.E., the Western world fell into what many Enlightenment-era historians and philosophers – and many people to this day – pejoratively referred to as the “Dark Ages.”
In the era before it, the high-society Romans brought the lands of Europe and beyond under one empire, creating vast trade and cultural networks. The Greeks invented democracy and brought some of the greatest works of philosophy and literature the world had ever known. The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World stood as testaments to humans’ ability to accomplish great feats and create great beauty. Every century brought with it more examples of what humans could do.